Lessons in Syntax
A method of teaching troublesome language structures based on transformational grammar. This expanded third edition now contains Adverbial clauses.
- Shows the regularities of the English language and how to use them.
- Designed for developmental or remedial use.
- Follows APPLE TREE in developmental sequence.
- Has a mature, adult format.
Lessons in Syntax Teacher's Manual:
- contains detailed lesson plans in small sequential steps that:
- are easy to follow
- have objectives explaining how to teach each small step
- are excellent for IEP use
- provide examples to illustrate each step
- describes procedures for teaching the following syntactic structures:
- negative sentences
- relative clauses
- yes/no questions
- participle phrases
- wh questions
- indirect discourse
- causal clauses
- passive voice
Lessons in Syntax Student Worksheets (on CD-ROM)
- has over 150 semi-programmed, self-correcting instructional pages closely coordinated with the Teacher's Manual
- provides independent work with small steps
- is self-paced with built-in success
Set 1: BASICS! Sentences
Set 2: BASICS! Questions
Set 3: BASICS! Antonyms
Set 4: BASICS! Synonyms
Increase your student's ability to write complete sentences and to be able to vary sentence structures to write more interesting prose. Use a noun, verb, where and when phrase to make a sentence, each on a different colored card. Pass cards from person to person and the first to make a complete sentence wins! Switch the cards around to make a new sentence and add points to your score. Build sentences naturally and consistently.
Question writing also becomes easy when you play BASICS! Questions! Use a question word, noun, verb, and where/when/whom/what phrase to make a question, each on a different colored card. Again, first to complete a question wins. Answer the question correctly and add points to your score. Build questions naturally and consistently.
Antonyms and synonyms continue the card game series with fun and entertaining games designed specifically to build skill in these areas of language.
Parts of Speech and Life Concepts
Almost 2,000 pages provide a visual approach for teaching parts of speech and life concepts. The pages are delightfully illustrated with imaginative artwork depicting a wide spectrum of everyday situations to motivate students of all ages. The pictures may be used either to illustrate language in receptive lessons, or to evoke language in expressive lessons.
Presented on CD-ROM, teachers can print these cards as needed, on the paper stock and at the size they desire. Illustrations are black on white, so a color printer is not needed. Images are formatted for Mac and Windows.
- Adjectives: 160 cards.
- Prepositions: 144 cards, containing 6 examples each of 24 prepositions.
- Pronouns: 160 cards.
- Partitives: 144 cards, containing 6 examples each of 24 partitives.
- Verbs: 468 cards, containing 3 tenses each of 156 verbs.
- Idioms (2-word verbs): 702 cards, containing 3 tenses each of 234 idioms.
- Life Concepts: 7 sets. Designed for learners who are becoming exposed to mature life experiences but lack the necessary descriptive language and expressions. Topics include: Birth and Death, Marriage, Family, Housekeeping, Kitchen Utensils, Holidays (Christmas), Holidays (Various).
Apple Tree Language Program
Curriculum for Developing Written Language
Marcia Anderson, Norma Jean Boren, Janis Kilgore, Wyman Howard and Emmylou Krohn
The Apple Tree Curriculum for developing Written Language is a language system that provides a sequence of procedures for the construction and development of basic English sentence structures. Retaining the same time-tested teaching strategies as the original, its main thrust is to help the student develop written language skills. Improvements in the new edition include redesigned workbooks and teacher's manual, updated illustrations, and fully integrated pre- and post-test materials included within the manual for convenience. The content of the curriculum has been revised to reflect the needs of diverse populations. The Apple Tree Program reinforces and builds on material previously introduced and allows for development of vocabulary and related concepts. Small steps ensure students' success and continuous learning. The result is improved self-image and the motivation to master more material.
Ten basic language structures are taught:
Reading level: approximately 1.5-3.0
I Can Write
I Can Write is a compilation of three workbooks, now available on CD as reproducible worksheets. Each workbook contains 78 semiprogrammed pages leading the student to write simple sentences through a systematic fadeout program.
These workbooks make excellent supplementary material for the Apple Tree Language Program for students who are in need of repetition and reinforcement. Each workbook develops the use of eight action verbs, such as drinking, climbing and pulling.
Reading level: approximately 1.0-1.5
"Patterned Language is the missing link betwen structured and whole language approaches. We are having dramatic results in spontaneous written language which we attribute to the fact that Patterned Language's color coding scheme gives missing clues that enabe students to internalize English sructure."
Director of Deaf Program, Stockdale Christian School, Bakersfield, CA
Patterned Language was designed to help learners express themselves with well organized written language. Patterned Language's flexibility can be used with any language philosophy or instructional approach. The key is to show what can be done with the words a learner has, not how many words a learner has. Using color coding of basic syntactical structures, Patterned Language provides a visual means of internalizing the rules of language that hearing learners gain at young ages. It provides a strong tool to organize existing language and to develop new language skills.
Unit 1 - Students acquire a printed word vocabulary and communicate with it on a 1-word basis. Generally used with preschool and kindergarten.
Unit 2 - Students communicate with 2 and 3-word strings, then expand those strings into full sentences. Learners construct more difficult sentences and progress from word-card manipulation and copying to the ability to write sentences. Generally used with grades 1-5.
Unit 3 - Students write basic sentence patterns as statements or questions, and transform basic sentences into compound and complex sentence patterns. Generally used with grades 6-8.
Integrate Patterned Language into all-day language acquisition and watch your learner succeed with written communication.
A Spanish Edition of Patterned Language is now available. This edition is used to teach Spanish to deaf students.